This week we bring you tax and budget news in Alaska, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, and Massachusetts plus look at the growing trend in states turning to cigarette taxes. Check out the What We’re Reading section below for a piece on the impact tax cuts in Kansas have had on the Sunflower State’s budget. Thanks for reading the State Rundown!
— Meg Wiehe, ITEP State Policy Director, @megwiehe
- Gov. Bill Walker called Alaska lawmakers back to Juneau this week for yet another special session to weigh options to fill the state's multi-billion dollar revenue gap. ITEP released a report "Income Tax Offers Alaska a Brighter Fiscal Future" to inform the debate over the merits of a personal income tax vs a general sales tax. Sneak preview: four out of every five Alaskans would pay less under an income tax. Read the report here. (PDF)
- Yesterday Gov. Tom Wolf signed a revenue package to fund Pennsylvania's $31.5 billion spending plan. It includes an increase to the cigarette tax ($1/pack) and other tobacco products, liquor modernization, expanded gambling, and an extension of the sales tax to digital downloads. The second half of the puzzle is now complete. Earlier this week, before the legislature reached agreement on how to fund the budget, the governor allowed the state's spending plan to become law without his veto or signature.
- "Nonessential" road and bridge repair and construction continues to be shut down across New Jersey as lawmakers and Gov. Christie were unable to reach a gas tax deal before the end of June. They now project they can run the Department of Transportation on a shoe-string budget until the end of August, and negotiations could go that long. Lawmakers are back in session now and hoping to reach a compromise this week that restores the Transportation Trust Fund to solvency without blowing too large a tax-cut hole in the rest of the budget.
- More states are looking to the cigarette tax to provide fast cash while promoting public health objectives. West Virginia and Louisiana both raised their cigarette taxes during special sessions to plug budget holes. A $2 per pack increase has qualified for the ballot in California and a $1.75 per pack increase has just been proposed in Colorado. Signatures have been gathered to put a $1.76 per pack increase on the ballot in North Dakota and efforts are underway to get a 60-cent per pack increase on Missouri's ballot as well.
- The Massachusetts Senate Ways and Means Committee has proposed increasing the state's Earned Income Tax Credit from 23 to 28 percent of the federal benefit (the state increased the tax break for working families last year as well). They would partially pay for the improved credit by applying the state's 5.7 percent hotel tax to short-term rentals, most notably those via Airbnb. For more information, check out the Massachusetts Budget Project's brief.
What We're Reading...
- Bloomberg BNA reports on the increasing significance of capital gains income to high-income taxpayers based on 2015 IRS data.
- The Kansas Center for Economic Growth explains how state income tax cuts broke the budget.
- Arkansas Advocates for Children writes about the uncertain impact recent and potential new tax cuts could have on funding public investments.
- Villanova Professor Maule on potholes and the long-term financial costs to individual taxpayers when lawmakers cut, freeze, or avoid tax increases.