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Happy New Year and welcome back to the State Rundown, your statehouse insider and source for all things state tax policy related. We’ll provide a preview of the week’s big debates every Monday afternoon, as well as a follow-up post on Thursday afternoons. Eighteen states began their legislative sessions this week, so let’s hit the ground running!
California Gov. Jerry Brown was sworn in Monday to a history-making fourth term, delivering his annual State of the State speech at the state Capitol in Sacramento. Brown touted his success in leading California through the Great Recession, turning a severe budget deficit into surplus and presiding over impressive economic growth. However, budget fights over the state’s high speed rail project and temporarily enacted sales and income tax increases, set to expire in 2018, loom this session.
North Dakota Gov. Jack Dalrymple struck a defiant tone in his State of the State address Tuesday, despite the threat to his spending plans posed by the continuing slide in oil prices. The governor announced plans to increase state support for counties by $1 billion and pledged to make further tax cuts a priority this legislative session. Since 2009, North Dakota has cut taxes by $4.3 billion, and some lawmakers are pushing to eliminate the state income tax. A property tax reform measure has a likelier chance of passage, however.
Lawmakers in the Rhode Island House of Representatives want to pass a major and costly tax cut for Ocean State retirees. Yesterday, a bill was introduced to exempt all state, local and federal retirement income, including Social Security benefits and military pensions, from the state’s personal income tax. An initial ITEP analysis of the bill found that the lion’s share of the benefits would go to well-off elderly taxpayers. Since some social security income is already exempted from Rhode Island taxes, fixed-income seniors already owe no personal income taxes on those benefits and often have no other retirement income.
The bad economic news keeps coming for Kansas Gov. Sam Brownback. A recent report from the Bureau of Labor and Statistics on employment growth in metropolitan areas shows that the governor’s tax cuts have failed to produce jobs – in fact, Kansas City, Missouri added jobs at four times the rate of Kansas City, Kansas, right across the state line. Back in 2012, Gov. Brownback promised Johnson County business leaders that steep tax cuts would draw economic activity from Missouri. In another setback for the governor (and victory for Kansas schoolchildren), a state judicial panel ruled that Kansas inadequately funds public schools. The ruling could mean that state leaders need to pony up another $548 million in school funding when they already face a $1.1 billion deficit. Of course, these are self-inflicted wounds that could be reversed through a prudent fiscal policy.
Newly-elected Illinois Gov. Bruce Rauner is on a gloom-and-doom tour, hoping to drive home just how terrible his state’s finances are and prepare voters for the worst. The governor will inherit a budget short by $1.4 billion, and some state agencies are expected to run out of money in a month. The state’s budget deficit is expected to almost double to $12.7 billion. Rauner, who ran on a platform of lower taxes and higher school spending, has his work cut out for him. A temporary income tax increase is slated to expire this month, which will mean $5 billion less in revenue for a state that desperately needs it.
States Starting Session this Week:
State of the State Addresses this Week:
California Gov. Jerry Brown (watch here)
North Dakota Gov. Jack Dalrymple (watch here)
Maine Gov. Paul LePage (watch here)
Connecticut Gov. Dannel Malloy (watch here)
Governor’s Budgets released this Week:
California Gov. Jerry Brown (Friday)
Maine Gov. Paul LePage (Friday)