A recent court ruling in the state of Washington has given policymakers there an opportunity to revisit a property tax cap that has imposed considerable strains on schools and other local services. A new report from the Washington State Budget and Policy Center examines some of the flaws in the state's current property tax system and explores some of the options that other states use "like a property tax circuit breaker" to improve the fairness of that particular tax.
Florida and Maine are weighing changes to their property taxes as well... changes that would make their tax systems less fair. Last week, the Republican leadership of the Florida House of Representatives proposed abolishing the statewide property tax for Florida residents, limiting local property taxes, and raising the state sales tax rate 2.5 percentage points to 8.5 percent. These changes would not only exacerbate the inequity of Florida's tax system, but would also take a $5.8 billion bite out of state and local revenues, since the higher sales tax rate would only make up a little more than half of the revenue lost due to property tax cuts. "Reckless" and "irresponsible" are among some of the nicer things that the St. Petersburg Times has to say about the proposal.
Ironically, Maine's Governor, John Baldacci, in his FY 2008-2009 budget, advocated the same sort of limits on property tax assessments for year-round residents that have contributed to Florida's fiscal problems. This ITEP Policy Brief details the shortcomings of these kinds of assessment caps.