Last week there were three states offering competing tax incentives for a new ThyssenKrupp steel mill. Now there are two; ThyssenKrupp has taken Arkansas out of the running, leaving Alabama and Louisiana as its final two candidates. In a press release announcing the move, the company explained its rationale for dumping Arkansas: "geological conditions, energy costs and logistical disadvantages." Notably absent from its explanation: tax breaks.
And elected officials in the two remaining states seem to agree that non-tax factors set one state apart. Louisiana Governor Kathleen Blanco boasts and, Alabama Governor Bob Riley openly admits, that Louisiana has geographic advantages that Alabama can't match.
But Riley and some state lawmakers are pushing for a special legislative session later this month that would be devoted entirely to creating a new fund for tax incentives for ThyssenKrupp and other companies the state is currently courting. If this sounds like a devious subversion of market forces, it is ... but Louisiana already did the same thing back in December, creating a $300 million fund to court the steelmaker.
How can states short-circuit this self-destructive competition of tax giveaways? Lessons might be learned from efforts by European Union members to prevent tax competition that distorts market forces, which culminated this week in an EU statement that Switzerland must curb its corporate tax giveaways.